eHealth: Aligning Quality Measurement at CMS

By Patrick Conway, MD, MSc

Stage 2 of the Medicare and Medicaid Electronic Health Record (EHR) Incentive Programs

The next step on the path of meaningful adoption of health information technology (HIT) for providers—will launch later this year for hospitals and next year for eligible professionals. How will this next phase improve health care and reduce the burden on providers?

Achieves Electronic Data Reporting

With the increase in adoption of EHRs, we are moving away from technology as an end goal and towards the use of technology as a key tool in health care quality improvement. The next phase of the EHR Incentive Programs will encourage the adoption of broad scale electronic reporting of quality data.

Aligns of Quality Measurement

One of the foremost goals of Stage 2 is the alignment of quality measure reporting across CMS programs. CMS has worked with partners and representatives from industry to identify and finalize a set of unified quality measures which meet the requirements of multiple programs, such as the Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) and Physician Value-Based Modifier, in addition to meeting EHR Incentive Programs requirements.  Accountable Care Organizations can also report quality measures from their EHRs to meet reporting requirements for participating eligible professionals.

The quality measure set—released by CMS last October—includes only measures that have been field tested, meet validation standards, and align with the National Quality Strategy, which outlines improvement goals for health care.

How Providers Benefit

For providers, program alignment means:

  •  Using a single submission method to report on a unified set of quality measures
  •  Choosing the submission method most suited to their unique needs

For example, eligible professionals may submit through a data-submission vendor or submit reports generated from their certified EHR technology directly to CMS.

As we look toward full implementation of meaningful use Stage 2 in 2014, CMS is committed to continuing to improve processes, support program alignment, facilitate interoperability and feedback to providers, and focus on the strategic use of health IT to drive quality improvement in our health care system and better outcomes for patients.

Learn more at HIMSS

We encourage you to learn more about CMS’ efforts during the CMS Quality Measurement Session at HIMSS13 today.

Administrative Simplification and ICD-10: Streamlining Health Care Operations

By: Christine Stahlecker, Director, Administrative Simplification Group, Office of E-Health Standards and Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Did you know that the United States spends more than $150 billion annually on health care administration, and for the average physician, two-thirds of a full time employee is needed to carry out billing and insurance related tasks?

To ease these financial and administrative burdens, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act) established administrative simplification requirements. These requirements are in place to lower costs, create uniform electronic standards, and streamline exchanges between health care providers and payers.

We at the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) are charged with carrying out and enforcing the administrative simplification requirements for HIPAA-covered entities, which include health care providers that conduct certain transactions in electronic form, health care clearinghouses, and health plans.

The administrative simplification mandates require the adoption of operating rules for each of the HIPAA Administrative transactions; a unique, standard Health Plan Identifier (HPID); and standards and operating rules for electronic funds transfers (EFT) and claims attachments.

Two key components of administrative simplification are Version 5010 and ICD-10. Version 5010 modified standards for electronic transactions and created the platform to support the expanded ICD-10 code sets. The ICD-10 code sets convey clinical advances in health care and current medical protocols in the administrative transactions.

If you are attending the HIMSS13 conference and would like to hear more about these initiatives, be sure to catch our ICD-10 and Administrative Simplification session (Education Session 131) on March 6, 2013, 8:30 – 9:30 am. And please stop by our booth (#2868) in the exhibit hall.

We also have helpful resources to help you stay up to date on ICD-10 and other administrative simplification initiatives.

Visit our ICD-10 website for the latest news and resources to help you prepare for the October 1, 2014, deadline. And be sure to check out the ACA website and sign up for Administrative Simplification Updates.

Lastly, follow us on Twitter @CMSGov using #ICD10 and #CMSeHealth. You can also use the official HIMSS hashtag #HIMSS13 to join in on all conference related topics.

Building the Future through CMS eHealth

By Robert Tagalicod, Director, Office of E-Health Standards and Services

Transforming Health Care

What is the most important electronic initiative in health care today? Is it the switch to ICD-10 that will enable us to capture information more accurately? The widespread adoption and use of electronic health records (EHRs) to provide an infrastructure for electronic data exchange? The establishment of clinical standards that allow physicians, hospitals, and patients to communicate with each other, regardless of their chosen electronic platform? Or is it the introduction of new payment models that focus on quality of care and patient improvement in order to reduce the overall cost of health care?

The truth is that each of these initiatives will have a significant impact on the practice of medicine, but taken together they have the potential to dramatically transform the delivery of health care.

We are living in a time of rapid and unprecedented change for health IT. Initiatives like the Medicare and Medicaid EHR Incentive Programs are driving hundreds of thousands of hospitals, physicians, nurse practitioners, and many others to not only adopt an electronic framework for patient information but also use the tools of health IT to better coordinate care, improve public health, and reduce health disparities across different populations. The adoption of ICD-10, operating rules, and clinical standards will facilitate electronic data exchange and put information in the hands of patients and their caregivers in a way that has never been seen before. Accountable Care Organizations and Patient Centered Medical Homes are introducing new ways for us to provide better care not only for individuals but for entire populations.

Yet each of these initiatives introduces new challenges for all of us. Physicians, hospitals, and health care providers across the country are rushing to adopt new hardware, new software, and new workflow processes that make all of these initiatives possible. Health IT vendors are working hard to build the kind of technology that will realize true electronic interoperability. CMS itself is introducing new systems, aligning programs, and introducing new ways to electronically measure quality. The process can sometimes seem chaotic, even to those of us who are intimately involved in effecting the outcome.

CMS Launches eHealth

Today, the Office of E-Health Standards and Services is launching a new eHealth initiative that specifically aims to help providers, health IT developers, and other industry partners overcome the challenges of collectively implementing this new electronic infrastructure. As part of this eHealth initiative, we are launching a dedicated CMS eHealth website (www.cms.gov/eHealth) and listserv to act as a central hub of information on implementation, guidance, milestones, and critical steps so that providers and other stakeholders have a “single source” of information on coordinating efforts toward implementing ICD-10, EHRs and meaningful use, operating standards, electronic quality measurement, and payment models.

This is only the first of many steps we plan to take to help providers. Over the next several months, the Office of E-Health Standards and Services will take an active role in engaging physicians, provider associations, payors, and technology developers to identify ways to meet the challenges they face. As we more closely integrate our many efforts using the infrastructure of EHRs, we will be looking at some of the challenges presented in areas such as information exchange and coding. We will also be convening stakeholder groups and working closely with health IT organizations to establish a “roadmap” for successful integration of EHRs, operating standards, and quality measurement.

Learn More at HIMSS and Online

There is a lot of work to be done by all of us—and your voice needs to be heard. I hope that you will take advantage of the opportunities we will present to engage with CMS about how we all can build a health IT framework for the future together. If you are at the HIMSS conference in New Orleans today, I hope you will stop by our CMS Town Hall (Session 81, 1:00-2:00 pm, New Orleans Theater C) to hear more about our eHealth initiatives. And if you are not able to join us in person, I hope that all of you will watch our eHealth website for more information on ways to engage with us.

Privacy and Security’s Role in the eHealth Transformation

By Maribel Franey

Improving the delivery of health care is the focus of the eHealth initiative. But eHealth also involves promoting standards and processes that will enable patient information to be shared in a more efficient and timely manner, while ensuring the data is kept private and secure. This brings me to the topic of privacy and security. What is the big deal about privacy and security, anyway?

Importance of Privacy & Security

The goal of privacy and security is to ensure that the technologies and information that are generated as part of the eHealth initiative are only used for their intended purposes. Privacy and security of patient information is just one part of eHealth, but it is arguably one of the most important components.

HIMSS Highlights

At this year’s HIMSS conference, my presentation will focus on making the patient the central focus in discussions about eHealth, privacy, and security. How do we assure a patient that his or her information is secure, and that it will only be used and disclosed for its intended purposes? What are the security, privacy, and governance questions that we need to work through to make information security happen? Are the current privacy and security rules enough, or does more need to be done to ensure necessary governance and oversight of patient information? I will explore these topics more in my HIMSS presentation.

Keeping Privacy & Security as the Focus

No matter what your business interest, whether it is developing new software or other technology to advance electronic health records, improving interoperability through standards or other means, or if it’s bringing new health care products to market, the bottom-line is that privacy and security are foundational pieces of the eHealth initiative. I am confident that we can work together to make sure that the patient’s privacy and security interests are central in our eHealth discussions. I hope you will attend my session at the conference.

EHR Incentive Programs: Moving into the Next Stage

By Elizabeth Holland

This week, industry leaders from all over the country gather for the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society conference and discuss the future of health information technology implementation, and we at CMS are pleased to report updates on our efforts to promote and support the meaningful use of electronic health record (EHR) technology in health care.

Growing EHR Adoption and Meaningful Use

In January, we passed the 210,000 mark for the total number of providers, including nearly 200,000 eligible professionals, who received a Medicaid or Medicare incentive payment for successfully adopting, implementing, or upgrading or meeting meaningful use of EHR technology.

Nearly 73% of all eligible hospitals in the country have received an EHR incentive payment for either meeting MU, or fulfilling the requirements for AIU of a certified system.

Meanwhile, about 1 of every 4 Medicare eligible professionals are meaningful users; and many more have begun the process.  As of the end of 2012, 1 out of every 3 Medicare and Medicaid eligible professionals has made a financial commitment to EHR systems either through meaningful use or adopting, implementing, or upgrading.

Moving into Stage 2

The meaningful use objectives in Stage 2 are the first step towards utilizing technology as a tool to improve quality and efficiency in our health care system, and in each category the program greatly exceeded our expectations for participation and successful implementation of EHR systems.

The changes we have made moving into Stage 2 of meaningful use build on the foundational data capture and sharing outlined in Stage 1.  Stage 2 moves the bar higher, focusing on advanced clinical procedures, including: measures focused on more rigorous health information exchange (HIE); increased requirements for e-prescribing and incorporating lab results; electronic transmission of patient care summaries across multiple settings; and more patient and family engagement.

In addition, Stage 2 lays the groundwork for alignment across CMS programs to reduce provider burden and support effective quality measurement.

Just as Stage 1 presented a challenge to CMS, to agency partners, to system vendors, and to our providers, Stage 2 will require hard work and collaboration with a wide range of stakeholders to ensure its success.  We look forward to continuing to work with our partners in the public and private sector to meet new milestones and continue to improve the quality and efficiency of our health care system.

Welcome to the CMS eHealth Blog

By Robert Tagalicod, Director, Office of E-Health Standards and Services

Welcome to the CMS eHealth blog. Here you can find information about the eHealth initiative that CMS is launching at the annual HIMSS conference in New Orleans. Upcoming blogs will highlight HIMSS sessions about eHealth and its programs, and we look forward to continuing the conversation as our eHealth programs reach key milestones over the coming months.

What is eHealth?

eHealth aligns several CMS programs:

Each program is part of an overarching eHealth infrastructure that will transform our health care system by capturing and tracking health information electronically. CMS is committed to helping health care providers deliver better patient care by simplifying the use of electronic standards and encouraging the adoption of health information technology.

eHealth Website

Visit the eHealth website to find helpful information on electronic standards and health information technology implementation, guidance, and milestones.

Follow CMS on Twitter

CMS is tweeting about eHealth and its programs. Join the conversation by using #CMSeHealthand the CMS handle, @CMSGov.

Join CMS at HIMSS

If you are attending the annual HIMSS conference, we encourage you to learn more about eHealth by attending the CMS sessions, and visit the CMS booth #2868.

We look forward to a successful conference and to the launch of the eHealth initiative!

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